Platelet-Rich Plasma Therapy (PRP)

Doctors have learned in recent years that in many cases the body has the ability to heal itself. A treatment method that can harness those abilities and amplify the natural growth factors your body uses to heal tissue is called platelet-rich plasma therapy (PRP). It is many doctors' theory that injecting PRP into damaged tissues will stimulate your body to grow new, healthy cells and promote healing. Researchers think the body’s tissues may heal faster because the tissue growth factors are more concentrated in the prepared growth injections.

The liquid portion of whole blood is plasma and it is composed largely of water and proteins. Plasma provides A medium for red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets to circulate through the body is what plasma provides. Thrombocytes are also called platelets and these are blood cells that cause blood clots and other necessary growth healing functions. Platelet activation plays A key role in the body's natural healing process is played by platelet activation.

Platelet-Rich Plasma Therapy Injections Use Each Individual Patient's Own Healing System to Improve Musculoskeletal Problems

PRP injections use each individual patient's own healing system to improve musculoskeletal problems as platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy uses injections of a concentration of a patient’s own platelets to accelerate the healing of injured tendons, ligaments, muscles and joints.

By taking anywhere from one to a few tubes of your own blood and running it through a centrifuge to concentrate the platelets PRP injections are prepared. In this process those activated platelets are then injected directly into your injured or diseased body tissue. The reaction to this treatment releases growth factors that stimulate and increase the number of reparative cells your body produces. Sometimes ultrasound imaging is used to guide the injection.

Doctors specializing in hair growth have injected PRP into the scalp, as a way of reducing the inflammation that can lead to hair loss. PRP was first used by doctors to help people heal after jaw and plastic surgeries. Tendons, ligaments and muscles are examples of tissues that PRP has been used on. In particular ligaments can take time and be difficult to heal. Because of this PRP is an attractive option for some of those who have experienced injuries to this tissue group.

Platelet-Rich Plasma Therapy Has Been Injected into the Knees of People with Osteoarthritis

PRP has been injected into the knees of people with osteoarthritis by doctors. In 2015 a study found that PRP injections were more effective than hyaluronic acid injections, which have been a traditional therapy for treating osteoarthritis. Physicians who deal with athletes have used PRP injections to treat acute sports injuries, such as pulled hamstring muscles or knee sprains.

Doctors will sometimes for postsurgical repair use PRP injections after procedures to repair a torn tendon (such as a rotator cuff tendon in the shoulder). PRP has also been used for treatment after ligament operations (such as the anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL). For people who have tendonitis or chronic tendinosis conditions such as tennis elbow or golfer's elbow PRP has also been demonstrated to improve function and reduce pain.

Platelet-Rich Plasma Therapy Injections Can Reduce the Need for Anti-Inflammatories

PRP injections can reduce the need for anti-inflammatories or stronger medications like opioids and this is some of the key advantages of platelet-rich plasma therapy. Furthermore since the injections are created from your own blood the side effects of PRP injections are very limited because your body will not reject or react negatively to them.